LWV Minneapolis is following city and community efforts to reimagine public safety. Learn about the issues and hold your elected officials accountable.
League of Women Voter Interview Programs

Policing: Part 1 – City and policing issues in Minneapolis - a conversation with Nekima Levy Armstrong, July 20, 2020

Policing: Part 2 – Defund the police? Conversation with Kandace Montgomery and Don Samuels, August 17, 2020

Policing: Part 3 – Laws, contracts, and police accountability a conversation with Carlos Mariani, Linea Palmisano, Stephen Rushin, September 21, 2020

Policing: Part 4 – Women on force; mental health training - a conversation with Laura Goodman, Dr. Tanya Gladney, Kris Arneson, November 9, 2020

Policing: Part V – Management and the Federation - a conversation with Dr. Matt Bostrom and Bob Kroll, December 21, 2020

Civic Buzz: The Minneapolis 2021 Budget – Policing, Violence Prevention, and the Community with Chief Medaria Arrodando, Director Sasha Cotton, Sgt. Kristopher Brown, January 8, 2021

General Research and Surveys

Picking Up the Pieces - Minneapolis Case Study, ACLU, April 15, 2015

Picking up the Pieces - Recommendations, ACLU, May 2015

Police officers who have fired a gun on duty: A closer look, Pew Research Center, February 2017

Poll: Only a quarter of Mpls. residents favor city's Police Department, MPT August 16, 2020

Majority of Minnesotans Have 'A Great Deal of Confidence' in Police, Strongly Oppose Defunding Minneapolis Police Department, American Experiment, July 1, 2020

Over-Policed and Under-Protected: Public Safety in North Minneapolis | CURA, University of Minnesota, November 17, 2020

What Will it Take to End Police Violence? Recommendations for Reform, Communities United Against Police Brutality

Working Group on Police-Involved Deadly Force Encounters Recommendations, Keith Ellison, John Harrington, et al., February 2020

Enough Is Enough: A 150 Year Performance Review, MPD150, Expanded 2020

Public Safety in Minneapolis: Community Perceptions of Policing, The Leadership Conference on Education Fund, December 2020

Working Group on Police-Involved Deadly Force Encounters - 2021 Progress Report, Keith Ellison, John Harrington, et al.

Time of Reckoning Series Reports, Healing Justice Foundation, February 2021

Trust in Policing: The Role of White Supremacy, Minnesota Justice Resource Center, State of MN website, February 2021

Disaggregating the Police Function, Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper Series Working Paper No. 20-03, NYU School of Law, April 2020.  



H.R.7120 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): George Floyd Justice in Policing Act of 2020, July 20, 2020

Minnesota Police Accountability Act HF-1, Minnesota State House of Representatives​, Signed July 23, 2020

HF-2, Minnesota State House of Representatives​, August 14, 2020

HF 63 - Omnibus judiciary and public safety finance and policy bill, Minnesota Legislature, Signed and filed June 30, 2021

Executive order on release of body camera footage, Office of Governor Tim Walz and Lt. Governor Peggy Flanagan, June 28, 2021

Court Orders Minneapolis Police Department to Make Immediate Changes, MN Department of Human Rights, June 8, 2020 

2020 House Public Safety Criminal Justice Reform Package Appropriations, Minnesota State House of Representatives​, July 27, 2020

Human Rights in Public Safety: Overview of the Legislative Response to the Murder of George Floyd, Chair Carlos Mariani, Minnesota State House of Representatives, June 8, 2020 

Qualified Immunity | Wex | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School, June 3, 2020

Qualified Immunity, American Bar Association, December 17, 2020

Shielded | For cops who kill, special Supreme Court protection, Reuters, May 8, 2020

Hometown Heroes program  – more help for firefighters with cancer, heart disease, Session Daily - Minnesota House of Representatives, February 12, 2021

Hardel Sherell Act - Lawmakers learn about 'crisis situation' of inmate deaths in state prisons and jails, Session Daily - Minnesota House of Representatives, February 26, 2021

'Matthew's Law' passes the Minnesota Senate by a unanimous vote, KTTC Minnesota News, March 25, 2021


City of Minneapolis

City of Minneapolis, Fiscal Year 2021 Budget, Police, pp. 434, 437 and Council Member Amendments to the Mayor’s Proposed 2021 Budget, pp. 45-46. 2021 Adopted Budget

City of Minneapolis Office of Violence Prevention, City of Minneapolis website

City of Minneapolis' Youth Violence Prevention Plan, youth.gov

Transforming Community Safety Engagement Process Phase 1 Presentation, Office of Violence Prevention, City of Minneapolis website, January 21, 2021

Get Involved, City engagement process, City of Minneapolis website

Transforming Community Safety Facilitation Guide, City engagement process, City of Minneapolis website

Public Health & Safety Committee, Meetings, agendas, videos; City engagement process, City of Minneapolis website

City of Minneapolis Office of Performance & Innovation, City of Minneapolis website

Police Conduct Oversight Commission, City of Minneapolis website

Police Conduct Oversight Commission Operating Rules October 2018, City of Minneapolis website

Police Conduct Oversight Commission membership and meeting details, City of Minneapolis website


City Charter

Minneapolis City Charter, Code of Ordinances, Minneapolis, MN, November 5, 2013

Charter History, City of Minneapolis website

Amending the Charter, City of Minneapolis website

Government Structure: Report on Interviews with Department Heads, Minneapolis Charter Commission, December 15, 2020

Government Structure: Report on Interviews with Former City Officials,  Minneapolis Charter Commission, January 5, 2021

Government Structure Work Group Memo - Summary Options, Minneapolis Charter Commission, January 4, 2021

CH2021-00012 - Government structure charter amendment, Minneapolis Charter Commission

Minneapolis Charter group weighs council's power over city departments, Star Tribune, January 27, 2021

What you need to know about the proposal to end the Minneapolis Police Department, Star Tribune, July 21, 2020

Minneapolis Charter Commission votes to keep first of two police reform measures off ballot, Star Tribune, July 30, 2020

Minneapolis Charter Commission blocks controversial policing proposal from November ballot, Star Tribune, August 6, 2020

Recommendation regarding proposed City Council amendments to the Minneapolis City charter, Minneapolis Charter Commission, November 2, 2020

Report and recommendation regarding proposed City Council amendments to the Minneapolis City charter, Minneapolis Charter Commission, December 2, 2020

Minneapolis City Council group pitches new plan for police, Star Tribune, January 14, 2021

Minneapolis City Council sends proposed police charter amendment to commission for review, Star Tribune, March 12, 2021


Community Organizations

Black Lives Matter - Wikipedia, blacklivesmatter.com, blacklivesmattersmn.com/

Black Visions Collective; How a New Wave of Black Activists Changed the Conversation, New York Times, August 25, 2020

Communities United Against Police Brutality


Mpls For a Better Police Contract

Nekima Levy Armstrong and the Racial Justice Network

Northside residents - OPINION EXCHANGE | Why we Northside neighbors are suing Minneapolis, Sondra Samuels and Don Samuels, Star Tribune, August 24, 2020

Reclaim the Block

Yes 4 Minneapolis

Police Training and Recruiting

Police Job Types, City of Minneapolis website

Minneapolis City Council Member Lisa Goodman’s WARD 7 NEWSLETTER, March 12, 2021

Minneapolis Police Department’s 2021 Sworn Hiring Plan including Community Service Officers, presentation by Police Chief Medaria Arradondo, February 4, 2021

Fishel, Deirdre, director, Women in Blue, PBS 2021

‘Women in Blue’ and redefining what it means to protect and serve, New York Times, Feb. 2, 2021 

Minneapolis to ban ‘warrior training’ for police, Mayor Jacob Frey says, Star Tribune, April 18, 2020

Minneapolis police union offers free 'warrior' training, in defiance of mayor's ban, Star Tribune, April 24, 2019

Minneapolis Banned Warrior-Style Police Training. Its Police Union Kept Offering It Anyway. – Mother Jones May 28, 2020

Law Enforcement's “Warrior” Problem, Stoughton, Seth, Harvard Law Review Forum, 125 Harv. L. Rev. F. 225, April 10, 2015 

Ahead of major recruitment push, Frey, Arradondo and City officials emphasize Minneapolis residency, social service experience for MPD recruits, City of Minneapolis, February 10, 2021

Minnesota State Task Force on Law Enforcement Education Reform Update and Report, March 12, 2021

Minnesota State colleges consider police training focus on anti-racism, Star Tribune, March 17, 2021

Minnesota State Leading the Way to Law Enforcement Education Reform Green-Stephen, Satasha, Associate Vice Chancellor, Minnesota State, Dennis Olson, Commissioner, Minnesota Office of Higher Education, and George Soule, Member, Board of Trustees, Minnesota State, Minnesota State Equity 2030 Blog, May 25, 2021


Police Standards

MN POST Board website

MN Legislative Reference Library - POST Board

POST Board entry in the 2020 Annual compilation and statistical report of multi-member agencies report (P.83-84)

POST Board Advisory Council Meetings and Materials

2020 IADLEST Minnesota POST Audit

State police licensing board to adopt policy on protest response, ban white supremacist affiliation, StarTribune April 23, 2021

Break the cycle: Five changes in Minnesota policing that can be enacted right now, Gina Erickson, Sarah Greenman, Jillian Peterson, and Shelly Schaefer, MinnPost, June 2, 2020

Minnesota police licensing board at center of push to build trust in law enforcement, Star Tribune, July 30, 2020

Police reform: Here’s a different model for officer discipline, Steve Timmer, MinnPost, August 5, 2020.


Police Contract

Contract: Police Officers Federation 

Reviewing the Minneapolis Police Contract - and Comparing It With Those of Other Cities, Jones Day, July 28, 2020

Police Union Contracts, Stephen Rushin, Duke Law Journal, March 2017

Police Arbitration by Stephen Rushin, Vanderbilt Law Review, 2021

Mpls For a Better Police Contract, organization website

Recommendations for Changes to the Labor Agreement Between the City of Minneapolis and Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis, Mpls for a Better Police Contract

Minneapolis police officer fired for decorating racist Fourth Precinct Christmas tree gets job back, Star Tribune, August 25, 2020

Opinion | To Hold Police Accountable, Ax the Arbitrators, New York Times, October 3, 2020

How Cities Lost Control of Police Discipline, New York Times, December 22, 2020, updated March 10, 2021


Police Department and the Police Federation

City of Minneapolis Police Department, City of Minneapolis website

Medaria Arradondo, Minneapolis Chief of Police

Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis, Federation website

Bob Kroll, former president of the Police Officers Federation of Minneapolis

Department of Justice Releases Reports Focused on Improving Safety and Wellness of the Nation’s 800,000 Law Enforcement Officers, April 17, 2019

Hundreds of Minneapolis residents demand changes to policing, public safety, Star Tribune, December 3, 2020

Minneapolis police union president Bob Kroll announces intent to retire, Star Tribune, January 12, 2021

'Our Goal Is To Reform': Community Leaders Meet With New Minneapolis Police Union Leadership, WCCO/CBS, March 30, 2021

Minneapolis chief: Each agency has own standards for use of tear gas and projectiles to control crowds, April 15, 2021

Mental Health Response, Co-responders and 911

Mobile Crisis Mental Health Services, Minnesota Department of Human Services website

Mental health emergencies, Hennepin County website

Hennepin County Mental Health COPE Program, Hennepin County website

It’s more than just detox — Hennepin County has a new alternative to jail or ER for mental health crises, MPR, September 4, 2019

Working together to interrupt the spiral, Hennepin County Criminal Justice Behavioral Health Initiative Five Year Report, October 2020

Hennepin County 911/Mental Health Subcommittee, Hennepin County Criminal Justice Behavioral Committee, December 15, 2020

MN Legislature:  Emergency and Public Safety Communications Statutes, Minnesota Legislature website

Metropolitan Emergency Services Board, 911 and EMS Coordination

8 Hennepin County 911 Systems, State of Minnesota website

Minneapolis 911, City of Minneapolis website

911 Dispatcher Job Description, City of Minneapolis website

Police learn lessons after shooting of mentally ill woman 10 years ago, MPR News, Jun 10, 2011

The Barbara Schneider Foundation

Preliminary Report: Officer Interactions with Mental Health Issues: A Policy Study, May 2016

Sgt. Kristopher Brown, Fifth Precinct Co-Responder Supervisor, PowerPoint Presentation Co-Responder Pilot Project Minneapolis Police Department in partnership with Hennepin County C.O.P.E., 2018

MPD/911 Workgroup Recommendations Presentation, City of Minneapolis website, May 9, 2019

Alternatives to Police Response Final Recommendation, City of Minneapolis website, December 7, 2020

Alternatives to Police Response Kickoff Presentation, City of Minneapolis website, January 21, 2021 

Alternatives to Police Response, City of Minneapolis website

Police Social Work in Minnesota - An Essential Community Partnership, Minnesota State University Social Work MSW candidates, April 2020

OPINION EXCHANGE | Mental health professionals are ready to step up for public safety, Star Tribune, December 3, 2020